Sleep

Reveta Bowers, Head of School  | Transcript:I had a wonderful opportunity to hear from 7 pediatricians last week about good health practices and habits for children. And to a one, every single one of them said that sleep was more important than almost anything in a child's life, and in an adult's life.

Whether they were interested in sports or academics or had a hobby, that a good night's sleep was going to do more than warm up exercises. Even proper nutrition wasn't as important as a rested body.

I think children aren't getting enough sleep. I think our lives have become hectic, our commutes longer, our working hours and days longer. And I think the time we spend on other things deprives us of the time at home to really rest our bodies. And I would encourage parents to say to children who are up to all hours doing homework, you know what? It would be better if you stopped, got some sleep. It will be clearer and so much easier to do the next day than it is when you're tired.

We're seeing way too many children come to school tired because they haven't had enough sleep and they've been over-stimulated at home.
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Head of School

Reveta Bowers

Head of School

Now starting her forty-second year, Reveta Bowers is the Head of School at The Center for Early Education, an urban pre-school through 6th grade Los Angeles independent school with 538 students. Devoted to children and education, Ms. Bowers served and has served on a number of boards. She is currently on Board of Overseers of the UCLA Healthcare System, on the founding board of the African American Board Leadership Institute and the board of the FEDCO Charitable Foundation. She just completed serving as Chair Emeritus of the Board of Directors of the California Community Foundation. A past president and former secretary of The Educational Records Bureau Board, Reveta Bowers was also a member of the Advisory Board to the Klingenstein Center at Teacher’s College for ten years. She served as an outside director on the Board of Directors of the Walt Disney Company for ten years and is a former member of the Harvard-Westlake, Brentwood and Windward School boards. Reveta was on the Council for Spiritual and Ethical Education board, and the boards of the National Association of Principals of Schools for Girls and the Country Day Headmaster’s Association. She served as a trustee and treasurer of the NAIS Board, and as past president of the California Association of Independent Schools. For the past thirteen years she has also been on the faculty of the NAIS Institute for New Heads where she serves as the Lead Faculty member. One of her proudest career moments was receiving the NAIS Diversity Leadership Award in 2009. She has had a long and rewarding career in independent schools and finds her work with organizations supporting education, students, parents, community and Board work to be continually inspiring.

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Elizabeth Pantley, Author, The No-Cry Solution book series  | Transcript:This video is about: reading before bed, audiobooks, trouble falling asleep, child sleep problems, helping kids fall asleep
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Author, The No-Cry Solution book series

Elizabeth Pantley

Author, The No-Cry Solution book series

Elizabeth Pantley is a parent educator, mother of four, and the author of the now-classic baby sleep book, The No-Cry Sleep Solution, as well as six other books in the series, including The No-Cry Separation Anxiety Solution, The No-Cry Potty Training Solution, The No-Cry Discipline Solution, The No-Cry Picky Eater Solution, plus other successful parenting books. She is known worldwide as the practical, reasonable voice of respectful parenting. Her books are available in 27 languages.

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Michael J.  Bradley, EdD, Psychologist, Author & Speaker  | Transcript:Attempting to get your teen to sleep more turns out to be a very complex task.  What does not work is telling them
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Psychologist, Author & Speaker

Michael J. Bradley, EdD

Psychologist, Author & Speaker

Michael J. Bradley, EdD, award-winning author, has counseled adolescents and their parents for over 30 years and currently has a private practice in suburban Philadelphia. As a recognized specialist in adolescent behavior and parenting, Dr. Bradley is in demand as a speaker and facilitator for mental health professionals, educators, and parenting groups. He has appeared on over 400 radio and television shows, including CNN, The Today Show and Good Morning, America, and has been interviewed by numerous magazines and newspapers such as USA Today, The Philadelphia Inquirer, and Parents Magazine. His website forum is a great source of advice and encouragement to parents.

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Michael J.  Bradley, EdD, Psychologist, Author & Speaker  | Transcript:I think every parent in America is just intimidated by the fact that their kids suddenly as adolescents start to stay up late into the night, and they are bringing them in to my office cause they say they cannot sleep. Mother nature actually advances their sleep clock in to the night, the best theory explaining this is actually an evolutionary one because we found that animals that lives in herd in the wild often stay up all night where the young and the elderly sleep. And as it gets into the dawn, the young and the elderly wake up and the adolescents crash out. Why is that? Adolescents have the best eye sight, best hearing and as you know it they go insane with approbations. They are the watch dogs, they are the security system of the pack of the herd. So Mother Nature build this into your teenagers head, now you got your own security system in the house. The teenagers do not have to do that anymore, but guess what group of kids we get up first in the morning? The teenagers. It's all backwards. The average sleep load of an average teenager is under 6 hours a night now. Do you know how many hours you supposed to be getting? 10, 8-10. Some kids require even more. Mom, Dad, think of that one thing, how about if I cut your sleep in half for a couple of months and come back into an evaluation. Would you be a ADHD? Would you be a little depressed? Would you be a little reactive? Disorganized? Yes, if I could change one thing in the teenage world  it will be they all get 10 hours of sleep every night.
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Psychologist, Author & Speaker

Michael J. Bradley, EdD

Psychologist, Author & Speaker

Michael J. Bradley, EdD, award-winning author, has counseled adolescents and their parents for over 30 years and currently has a private practice in suburban Philadelphia. As a recognized specialist in adolescent behavior and parenting, Dr. Bradley is in demand as a speaker and facilitator for mental health professionals, educators, and parenting groups. He has appeared on over 400 radio and television shows, including CNN, The Today Show and Good Morning, America, and has been interviewed by numerous magazines and newspapers such as USA Today, The Philadelphia Inquirer, and Parents Magazine. His website forum is a great source of advice and encouragement to parents.

More Parenting Videos from Michael J. Bradley, EdD >
JoAnn Deak, PhD, Psychologist & Author  | Transcript:The sleep research is one of the hottest areas, and parents often wonder what happened to their child after they move into adolescence.

We see differences in childhood and adolescence.  Childhood is birth to 10ish; adolescence is 10ish to 20ish.  What happens during adolescence is -- You're going to be so surprised -- there's a surge of hormones.  These surges of hormones have an amphetamine type effect on the pinneal gland of the brain.  A tiny, little pea-sized gland that produces melatonin and causes you to be drowsy.

As you move into adolescence with these surges of hormones, the pinneal gland is actually suppressed for a couple of hours.  So adolescent's, even though they could earlier in life, they can't fall into that good until about 11:00 p.m. or midnight.  All the research shows, that because of the huge growth going on, they need to be able to sleep about nine hours.  

No adolescent should be made to wake up before 9:00 a.m.   We've been begging schools to do this forever.  The problem is, the whole world's designed around early wake up and drop off.  Any time you wake up a teenager before 9:00 a.m., you are going against their neurobiologic clock, and you will have a hard time doing it.
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Psychologist & Author

JoAnn Deak, PhD

Psychologist & Author

JoAnn Deak, PhD, has spent more than 30 years as an educator and psychologist, helping children develop into confident and competent adults. The latter half of that period has also focused on working with adults, parents and teachers in their roles as guides or ‘neurosculptors’ of children. On her website is a quote that best describes her perspective on her work: “every interaction a child has, during the course of a day, influences the adult that child will become.”

Parents and educators at schools from New York to Hawaii, as well as such organizations as the National Association of School Psychologists, the National Association of Independent Schools, the Association of International Schools, the American Montessori Society and the International Baccalaureate Association, have heralded Dr. Deak’s ability to demystify complex issues of child development, learning, identify formation and brain research.

Dr. Deak has been an advisor to Outward Bound, a past chair of the National Committee for Girls and Women in Independent Schools, on the advisory board for the Center on Research for Girls (Laurel School), for the Seattle Girls’ School, Bromley Brook School, the Red Oak School, Power Play and GOAL. She consults with organizations and schools across the United States. Most recently, she has worked internationally with schools, organizations, associations and parent groups in every continent (except Antarctica!) She has been awarded the Woman of Achievement Award by the National Coalition of Girls’ Schools, was given the first Female Educator of the Year Award by Orchard House School, and the Outstanding Partner for Girls Award from Clemson University. She has been named the Visiting Scholar in New Zealand, the Visiting Scholar for Montessori Children’s House and has been the Resident Scholar for the Gardner Carney Leadership Institute in Colorado Springs for the past five years.

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JoAnn Deak, PhD, Psychologist & Author  | Transcript:One of the things we are asking schools to do is to take note of the sleep research that says, because of neurobiology and changes in the brain, adolescents need to sleep from about midnight to about 8:00 or 9:00 in the morning.  We want schools to start later.

Those districts that have done that, show significant impacts in terms of standardized test scores, letter grades, attendance at school, attention in class, and attitude at school.  Every school that has done this has reported significant positive changes in that direction.  Schools that don't -- I work with many of them -- They report that getting adolescents to pay attention and think in first and second periods in class is almost impossible.  They have to use extraordinary techniques.

That change in starting time really solves many of the issues that we are seeing in adolescent change and later sleep patterns.
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Psychologist & Author

JoAnn Deak, PhD

Psychologist & Author

JoAnn Deak, PhD, has spent more than 30 years as an educator and psychologist, helping children develop into confident and competent adults. The latter half of that period has also focused on working with adults, parents and teachers in their roles as guides or ‘neurosculptors’ of children. On her website is a quote that best describes her perspective on her work: “every interaction a child has, during the course of a day, influences the adult that child will become.”

Parents and educators at schools from New York to Hawaii, as well as such organizations as the National Association of School Psychologists, the National Association of Independent Schools, the Association of International Schools, the American Montessori Society and the International Baccalaureate Association, have heralded Dr. Deak’s ability to demystify complex issues of child development, learning, identify formation and brain research.

Dr. Deak has been an advisor to Outward Bound, a past chair of the National Committee for Girls and Women in Independent Schools, on the advisory board for the Center on Research for Girls (Laurel School), for the Seattle Girls’ School, Bromley Brook School, the Red Oak School, Power Play and GOAL. She consults with organizations and schools across the United States. Most recently, she has worked internationally with schools, organizations, associations and parent groups in every continent (except Antarctica!) She has been awarded the Woman of Achievement Award by the National Coalition of Girls’ Schools, was given the first Female Educator of the Year Award by Orchard House School, and the Outstanding Partner for Girls Award from Clemson University. She has been named the Visiting Scholar in New Zealand, the Visiting Scholar for Montessori Children’s House and has been the Resident Scholar for the Gardner Carney Leadership Institute in Colorado Springs for the past five years.

More Parenting Videos from JoAnn Deak, PhD >
Cara Natterson, MD, Pediatrician & Author  | Transcript:Sleep is extremely important for everyone; for kids and adults alike.  It serves three purposes.

The first is that when you sleep, you grow.  That is because the pituitary gland that is located right in the middle of the forehead, but behind the brain; that pituitary gland is responsible for growth hormone.  It will only release hormone in the right rhythmic way, when you are in deep sleep.  Kids need to understand that, not when they go to bed, but when they sleep, is when they grow.

The second thing that sleep does is it helps set our metabolism.  We know that when we get a better night's sleep -- and this is true for kids and adults -- our metabolism is speedy in the morning, and our understanding of satiated, or fullness of hunger, changes when we sleep better.  There are a lot of studies that show that you are at a higher risk of being obese, if you sleep less.  That's not because you are up eating.  It is because the hormones that regulate fullness and hunger are off when you don't sleep very well.  This is a very important piece of sleep.

A third reason sleep is important is because it re-sets our mood.  Sleep is very restorative.  We all know how it feels to not get a good night's sleep, and then when we get kind of grumpy or moody.  Our kids are the exact same.  When they get enough sleep, they can take what happened during the day, they can incorporate it into their brain, and they can restore themselves to a really good baseline for the next day, and wake up happy.
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Pediatrician & Author

Cara Natterson, MD

Pediatrician & Author

Cara Natterson, MD has treated thousands of children and guided their parents as well. She was a partner at Tenth Street Pediatrics in Santa Monica, California, a large group practice serving infants, children and teenagers. She now runs Worry Proof Consulting, the first of its kind pediatric practice that offers parents open-ended time to review everything from medical questions and biology basics to child development and parenting issues. Cara is also the author of several books on parenting and child health. She has a unique ability to translate cutting edge research into understandable terms for parents and their kids. More recently, Cara’s consulting has extended beyond individual families to include fortune 500 companies seeking expert advice on safety issues, child health, and crisis management.

Cara has appeared on television, in print, and on the web. She is a graduate of Harvard College and Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, and she trained in pediatrics at the University of California at San Francisco. Cara is a Board certified pediatrician and a Fellow of the American Academy of Pediatrics. And anyone who knows her knows that Cara is, by nature, one of the most risk-averse people on earth. She lives in California with her husband and two children.

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Cara Natterson, MD, Pediatrician & Author  | Transcript:As kids get older, especially in the later part of the tween years and into the teen years, kids can really have trouble falling asleep. They still need the sleep. In fact, they really need a minimum of ten hours a night. But they'll get into bed and they'll lay in bed and their eyes are wide open and they cannot go to bed. And one of the reasons why is that they're thinking about everything that's gone on during the day, so they're having trouble turning their brain off. But another reason why is that they've had a shift in hormone melatonin, and melatonin has a lot to do with when we feel sleepy. So if the levels of melatonin are shifting, then kids will not feel as tired as they did when they were younger. And that's what happens; by adolescence, we know that kids are up until 11/11:30 at night. They're just wired to be up and they want to sleep in later in the morning. The best advice I can give you is that during the week, this isn't going to work so well. You've got to get your kid out of bed and get them to school. But on the weekends, if there's a morning where your child can sleep in, let them. It's called catch-up sleep. Let them have that restorative sleep and if they go till 10, 11, noon, it's okay. Every once in a while, letting their body catch-up will really help them feel better.
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Pediatrician & Author

Cara Natterson, MD

Pediatrician & Author

Cara Natterson, MD has treated thousands of children and guided their parents as well. She was a partner at Tenth Street Pediatrics in Santa Monica, California, a large group practice serving infants, children and teenagers. She now runs Worry Proof Consulting, the first of its kind pediatric practice that offers parents open-ended time to review everything from medical questions and biology basics to child development and parenting issues. Cara is also the author of several books on parenting and child health. She has a unique ability to translate cutting edge research into understandable terms for parents and their kids. More recently, Cara’s consulting has extended beyond individual families to include fortune 500 companies seeking expert advice on safety issues, child health, and crisis management.

Cara has appeared on television, in print, and on the web. She is a graduate of Harvard College and Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, and she trained in pediatrics at the University of California at San Francisco. Cara is a Board certified pediatrician and a Fellow of the American Academy of Pediatrics. And anyone who knows her knows that Cara is, by nature, one of the most risk-averse people on earth. She lives in California with her husband and two children.

More Parenting Videos from Cara Natterson, MD >

Sleep