What is dyslexia?

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What is dyslexia?

Dyslexia is clinically referred to as a reading disorder. It refers to the inability to read at an age-appropriate level, in spite of the opportunities to learn how to read and the physical ability to learn how to read. The core problem of dyslexia is difficulties with phonemic awareness. That refers to the processing of phonemes. Phonemes are the correspondence between the letter and it's sound. Most people think that dyslexia refers to letter reversals. That is something that we seen commonly in young children who are learning to write and is developmentally something that is common until First Grade. So just because a child reverses their letters or numbers, doesn't mean they have dyslexia.

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Sandra K. Loo, PhD

Pediatric Neuropsychologist

Dr. Sandra Loo is Director of Pediatric Neuropsychology and Assistant Professor of Psychiatry at the David Geffen School of Medicine. Dr. Loo is a child clinical psychologist and works clinically in the Medical Psychology Assessment Center and UCLA ADHD Clinics. She specializes in neuropsychological assessment of childhood psychiatric disorders such as ADHD and Dyslexia. Before coming to UCLA, Dr. Loo was director of two outpatient clinics specializing in the diagnostic and neurocognitive assessment of attention and learning disorders at the University of Colorado Health Sciences Center and the University of Massachusetts where she worked with Dr. Russell Barkley.

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