What is visual processing disorder?

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What is visual processing disorder?

A visual processing disorder is when an individual has a difficult time perceiving what the eyes are seeing because their brain is not perceiving what their eyes are seeing. It's not that they need glasses because they can't see what they are seeing. It's the brain not able to properly understand the incoming information. In visual processing, there is a hierarchy of skills or things that need to happen in order for the brain to say, "I'm reading a letter. I'm reading a word. I'm reading a paragraph." When you have a visual processing disorder, what it might look like in a child, they are not perceiving the difference between a number, a letter, or a shape. If that's the case, it's going to look like they don't understand what a letter, number, or a shape is because what they are telling you is completely different. It's because their brain hasn't processed it properly. Another really good example of a visual processing disorder is kids who skip words when they are reading or they might skip a whole line. It's because their eyes aren't tracking, they are not processing that information, so their brain is not receiving that information.

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Erin Kayem, MS, CCC-SLP

Speech Pathologist

As a Co-Founder and Executive Director of the Neurodevelopmental Learning Institute/Brain Enhancement Institute, Erin Kayem is a Licensed Speech Language Pathologist, with a Certificate of Clinical Competence from the American Speech Language and Hearing Association.

Erin graduated from the University of Manitoba, Canada, with a Bachelor of Arts degree in Psychology and Linguistics. She also graduated from the University of North Dakota with a Bachelor of Science degree in Communication Disorders. Once completing her undergraduate work, Erin went on to obtain her Master of Science degree in Speech Pathology from Fort Hays State University in Kansas.

Erin has had extensive experience working with children of all ages in various medical and clinical settings. This has given her a strong background in all areas of child and adolescent speech and language delays/disorders, including, neurogenic speech and language disorders, oral motor and swallowing disorders, voice disorders and apraxia. Erin also specializes in the treatment of auditory processing disorders and other learning disabilities as they relate to speech and language development. She is a national speaker, author, trainer, and mother. Her years of dedication to the field have helped both children and adults.

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